Ek het nog altyd verstaan dat die doel van meerdere vergaderinge is om mekaar as plaaslike kerke te help om plaaslik kerk van Christus te wees volgens Skrif en belydenis, en om so die eenheid in leer, diens en tug (kerkregering) te koester en te bevorder.
Die teenoorgestelde is ongelukkig die werklikheid wat ons beleef.
Meerdere vergaderinge is nie tyd van broederskap en vreugde nie, maar iets waarna die meeste afgevaardiges opsien, weer tyd vir stryd, verdere verdeeldheid en onenigheid. Dit is dalk oorvereenvoudig, maar wat basies gebeur is dat meerdere vergaderinge (klassis, streeksinode, algemene sinode) dae van groot intense debat word waar daar gepoog word om op ‘diplomatiese’ wyse teenstrydige oortuigings in terme van leer, diens en tug te ‘bestuur’ tot die grootste ‘voordeel’ vir die kerkverband se voortbestaan. Almal moet gelukkig gehou word.
Daar is by my geen twyfel dat baie wat betrokke is by hierdie diplomatiese pogings, dit goed bedoel en selfs glo dat hul dit doen in die strewe om getrou te wees aan die belydenis van die ‘eenheid van die kerk’ nie. Maar, ten einde is dit ‘n ywer sonder kennis, ‘n ywer baiemaal ten koste van die waarheid waardeur die kosbare eenheid juis skade lei en net nog verder lei tot die verbrokkeling van die kerkverband.
Ons beleef die afgelope dekade in (bv) die GKSA, dat meerdere vergaderings kom bymekaar, veral die algemene sinode elke drie jaar, en word daar dan gepoog om ‘kompromie- en verdraagsame besluite’ te neem wat tot almal se ‘voordeel’ sal strek (bv. vrou mag in die ampte in een gemeente, maar hoef ook nie in ‘n ander gemeente nie, kontra 1 Kor.14:33,36,40), en dan, vir drie jaar daarna sit die plaaslike gemeentes met die gebakte pere, moet plaaslike gemeentes die kerkordelike chaos probeer ‘bestuur’ soos gemeentes in hulself en onderling verdeeld is oor kerkregering.
Na drie jaar, kom die algemene sinode weer bymekaar vir die volgende rondte van krisisbestuur, dalk om nou weer die ‘ander belangegroep’ iets te gun waar hul tydens die vorige sinode aan die korste end getrek het, bv. die een algemene sinode word diakonesse toegelaat en so behou ons die pro-VIDA groep; die volgende sinode word die vrou uit die dienste van predikant en ouderlinge afgeweer en behou ons die ander groep … maar ons gee die eerste groep nog die diakonesse … en so sal daar hopelik vir die volgende 3 jaar vrede kom.
Die gevolg van hierdie diplomasie (want dit is nie gereformeerde kerkregering nie) ?
Die volgende drie jaar is daar verdere verdeeldheid en onenigheid op plaaslike vlak, en die volgende algemene sinode kreun weer swaar onder die volgende rondte van beswaarskrifte.
Wat is die onderliggende probleem ?
Sien die antwoord op hierdie vraag in die preek hier onder van ds. Silversides, onder die tema “Expediency or Faithfullness“, waar hy wys op die basiese verskille tussen die ‘kerklike vergadering’ van die Jode wat Christus wou doodmaak’ (Joh.11:47-53), en die ‘sinode van Jerusalem’ (Hand.15).
Hy wys op twee kenmerkende verskille, wat ongelukkig vandag nog in meerdere vergaderings plaasvind en kerke en lidmate verder verdeel:
a) geheimhouding waar die leiers ‘beraadslaag’ teenoor die openbare aard van die vergaderings waar die kerkvolk betrokke is (Joh.11:47,53 vs Hand.15:12,22).
b) mensewoorde ‘vooraanstaande leiers en persoonlikhede’ wat regeer teenoor God se Woord wat regeer (Joh.11:49-52 vs. Hand.15:16-19,21).
(Let wel: die kritiek is nie teen die hantering van besondere tuggevalle [heimlike sondes, KO art.72,73] wat persoonlik van aard is en wat vertroulik hanteer moet word in kerklike vergaderings nie, maar teenoor die algemene geheimhouding van agendas, vergaderings en sake wat van openbare belang is vir die hele kerkvolk.]
“The lesson for us is clear. Illegitimate expediency does not pay in the long run. We see that in civil and national life where issues are fudged and eventually the chickens come home to roost. In the life of the Church, in congregations or in presbyteries and synods, do we really need more clever schemers and manoeuverers or is not faithfulness to the Word of God the need of the hour? If God is in charge of the outcome of events, surely this must be so.”
Expediency or Faithfulness?
The following is the substance of a sermon on the words in John 11:47-53 which record the debate within the Jewish Sanhedrin on what to do with Jesus Christ. It is used here by kind permission of Mr. Silversides, a minister in the Reformed Presbyterian Church of Ireland at Loughbrickland, Co. Down. We are challenged to faithfulness to the Word of God as the great need of the present hour.
Published in the Presbyterian Standard, Issue No. 14, April-June 1999.
“Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles. If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation. And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation; And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad. Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.” John 11:47-53.
OUR theme is the difference between doing what looks as though it will achieve the desired result even though it is wrong, in contrast to doing what appears to be disastrous because God says it is right.
Not all expediency is sinful, but when biblical principle is put to one side it is. We see this sinful expediency practised constantly in the political field, the business world and, alas, even in the professing Church of Jesus Christ.
In this passage of Scripture, the Lord Jesus had just raised Lazarus from the dead. Yet even among those who witnessed this there were those whose hatred for Christ only increased. This reminds us that the reason men do not believe the gospel is not due to some merely intellectual difficulty or a lack of adequate ‘proof’. It is because the will is in bondage to sin. Men love darkness rather than light. And so some “went their way to the Pharisees to tell them what things Jesus had done” (v.46). This resulted in a meeting of the Sanhedrin, or at least a committee of that body.
1. THE SANHEDRIN’S SELF-CENTRED UNFAITHFULNESS (vv.47-48)
The Sanhedrin was made up of scribes and elders along with the chief priests. Although the High Priest presided, it was essentially an eldership body, indeed it was the highest such body in Israel, rather like a General Assembly or Synod of a presbyterian church. It was a religious body. Until the New Testament age, Israel was the professing Church of God though now very corrupt. At this point, then, the Sanhedrin was a Council or Synod of the Church of God. Let us notice:
Their admission “many miracles” (v.47). How desperately they had interrogated the man born blind to find an alternative explanation as to how he could see! (John 9:17, 19, 24, 26). Now he had raised Lazarus from the dead. They conceded he had done many miracles. They had no choice. Yet, they did not acknowledge him as the Messiah.
Their fear “all men will believe” (v.48). To them this would be a disaster. They could not endure that their prestige and comfortable position should be endangered. Later on, even Pilate knew that their motive was envy (Matt. 27:18).
Their excuse “and the Romans will come and take away both our place and nation” (v.48). To what extent they really thought the stir about Jesus would attract the attention of the Roman authorities and even result in the destruction of the Temple and the city is difficult to know. They certainly wanted to put the noble face of patriotism on their malice. Hypocrites keep up appearances even among themselves and even convince themselves that there is genuine substance to their excuses. Sin gives us great potential for wishful thinking.
Their guiding rule “if” (v.48). The basis on which they worked was unprincipled expediency or pragmatism. The Word of God was not referred to although it made an unwelcome appearance through Caiaphas when he said, “It is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.” In the face of Christ’s miracles which they ignored, they said they were afraid of the Romans and so fought against God.
This happened in the Sanhedrin of Israel, not some pagan nation. A church governed by unprincipled expediency (that is trying to achieve what it wants by wrong methods) destroys itself.
2. CAIAPHAS’S WICKED SOLUTION AND GOD’S RIGHTEOUS PURPOSE (vv.49-52)
Caiaphas arrogantly dismisses his colleagues as capable of only incompetent waffle – “Ye know nothing at all” (v.49). He was the man to get things done. He then indicates his wicked application of the Sanhedrin’s guiding principle: “one should die for the people” (v.50)
Irrespective of right or wrong, he wants results. National security demands that this man die. Never mind doing what is right and leaving the consequences in the hand of God. Unbelievers must resort to pragmatism (i.e. what will apparently work), not principle (i.e. what is right before God). Only belief in an absolutely sovereign God can prevent this.
Nevertheless, just as God used wicked Balaam to prophesy truth despite himself, so God caused his truth to be heard via the mouth of Caiaphas. Caiaphas meant it for evil, but God meant it for good. God was causing the truth of Christ as the substitute for sinners to be heard in this unprincipled court of a decaying Church. Christ would redeem a people by bearing the sins of the elect of God from all nations (vv.51-52). In Christ, the Lamb of God, God would show himself a just God and Saviour (Isa. 45:21), just as one day he will vindicate his Lordship in that same Jesus (Isa. 45:23; Phil. 2:9-11). In Christ, God is “faithful and just” (1 John 1:9) in forgiving the sins of those who call upon him. Righteousness and salvation go together with God (Psa. 85:10-11, 98:2; Isa. 46:13, 51:5-8, 62:1).
3. GOD’S VERDICT ON A WORLDLY-WISE DECISION (V.53)
In v.53 the decision is made – Jesus must die. In v.48 they had expressed their fear of the Romans and so took the unprincipled path to avoid disaster. But did they avoid it? In A.D. 70, in fulfilment of Christ’s word of prophecy (Matt. 24:1-2), the Romans did destroy Jerusalem and its Temple. Sometime later, as a result of a Jewish revolt, they finished the job by flattening the city and building a Roman city in its place and forbidding Jews to go anywhere near it.
The Sanhedrin had adopted a selfcentred policy to avoid trouble but in due time God brought that very trouble upon them in his righteous judgment.
4. A LESSON IN FAITHFULNESS FROM ACTS 15
After the resurrection of Christ, the Sanhedrin continued to ‘play Church’ until God’s judgment fell. But in that same city another synod met. This was a synod of the continuing Church of God. Some of its leading members had been fishermen. But they had followed the Lord Jesus and through them God had caused the New Testament Church to emerge into a separate existence from the largely apostate Israel. It was to this continuing Church, pruned of unbelieving Jewish branches, that the Gentile wild branches were to be ingrafted and Jewish natural branches re-ingrafted when they are turned to Christ (Rom. 11:16-26). There is one continuous Church from the Old into the New Testament age. In Acts 15 God had already begun adding Gentile converts to the Jewish nucleus of the Church, especially through the preaching of a converted Pharisee, Saul of Tarsus. A problem had arisen in Antioch. False teachers were insisting that circumcision was essential to salvation and that the Gentile converts must conform to the Old Testament ceremonies abrogated in Christ. They attacked the gospel of grace and so the apostles and elders met to deal with the matter (Acts 15:1-2).
The differences between this synod and the Sanhedrin are very obvious. They gloried in the grace of God rather than their own importance (Acts 15:11). They openly referred to the Word of God (vv.14-18). Instead of delighting in imposing their own ideas they were restrained in their use of authority. They imposed only those “necessary things” which seemed good not only to themselves but to the Holy Ghost (v.28). How different! Instead of committing ecclesiastical suicide by resorting to man-made expedients, they faced the problem on the basis of God’s Word, and on the basis of that Word and within its limits they exerted their authority. The sequel was that the churches were strengthened (Acts 15).
The lesson for us is clear. Illegitimate expediency does not pay in the long run. We see that in civil and national life where issues are fudged and eventually the chickens come home to roost.
In the life of the Church, in congregations or in presbyteries and synods, do we really need more clever schemers and manoeuverers or is not faithfulness to the Word of God the need of the hour? If God is in charge of the outcome of events, surely this must be so.
In our personal lives as Christians we are also constantly faced with conflicting options are we not? Often we can do the apparently safe things through compromising our Christian principles or else do what seems to be fraught with trouble in loving obedience to our Lord and Saviour.
Will the Lamb in the midst of the throne, the one who is Head over all things for the good of His Church, ultimately cause us to ‘lose out’ by being faithful? Was Caleb rather unwise to follow the Lord fully? Is this not what our sluggishness tells the world, that Christ is a poor master and that serving him wholeheartedly is a mistake? Is the truth not otherwise, that as we by grace are enabled to serve him, he more than compensates for all the contempt and scorn of the ungodly? “Rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name” (Acts 5:41).
But perhaps you are not a Christian at all, though you have some idea of what a Christian is. You know that being a real Christian would involve you in loss of popularity and in ridicule. And so you are quietly ‘looking after number one’. Your lifestyle is respectable and church-going. Essentially, however, you do not want any ripples on your tranquil existence. Your motive is self-love. This is the height of short-sightedness and sinful expediency. You must repent and turn to Christ. Your self-preservation policy leads to eternal ruin. “There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death” (Prov. 14:12). Turn to Christ, the great sin-bearer, who died the just for the unjust. Do so before God in his wrath brings down his judgment on your self-love.
“For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?” (Mark 8:36).