BRONNE OOR DIE CHARISMATIESE GROEPE
Sien die volgende bronne om die charismatiese en pinkster strominge te be-oordeel, veral in die lig ook van Angus Buchan se charismatiese oproep om die ‘spesiale dag’ van 22 April by te woon, soos dit aan hom spesiaal ‘ge-openbaar’ is:
Hy wat met die Heilige Gees Doop – dr. L Floor
Die leser moet op die volgende bladsye nie ‘n volledig uitgewerkte leer van die Heilige Gees verwag nie. Daar is net gepoog om vanuit die doop van Christus met die Heilige Gees enkele lyne deur die Nuwe Testament aan te wys. Met die openbaringshistoriese lyne wat getrek is, word gepoog om ‘n antwoord te gee op baie vrae en probleme wat daar leef in die harte van verskillende mense met betrekking tot die Persoon en die werk van die Heilige Gees.
Hoewel ons sedert Pinkster in die bedeling van die Heilige Gees lewe, is daar dikwels tog te min aandag aan die Heilige Gees en Sy werk gegee. Biskop Cyrillus van Jerusalem (± 386) skrywe in sy Kategismus dat die genade van die goddelike Gees waarlik nodig is om oor die Heilige Gees te spreek (Catechese XVL, 1). Hierdie genade is eweseer nodig wanneer ons oor die Heilige Gees studeer en lees. Wat Paulus skrywe van Christus kan ook van die Heilige Gees gesê word: die Gees is God se onuitspreeklike Gawe aan sy Kerk. Hierdie studie is bedoel om die kennis en die insig met betrekking tot die Heilige Gees en Sy werk te verryk. Maar mag wat hier volg die leser bowenal bring tot die aanbidding: God sy dank vir Sy onuitspreeklike Gawe (2 Kor. 9:15).
Dwaling en Waarheid: oor sektes en godsdienstige strominge, dr. SP van der Walt
‘n Kerk moet ‘n geloofsbelydenis hê. Vanaf heel vroeg het die kerke die Twaalf Artikels gehad as belydenis. Daarby was daar duidelikheid oor Christus as Verlosser, oor die kanonieke Bybelboeke, oor die nature van Christus, oor die Drie-eenheid. Die Geloofsbelydenis van die Kerke het geleidelik tot vasstelling gekom. Nou word beweer dat die eie kenmerk van sektes juis is dat hulle geen geloofsbelydenis het nie en ook nie een wil hê nie. Sodra daar ‘n Geloofsbelydenis aanvaar word, kom daar stryd om suiwerstelling.
Dit is wel waar dat sektes solank as immer moontlik sonder so ‘n geskrewe belydenis wil wees om proseliete te kan maak sonder enige verbintenis. Hulle kan ook nie as sekte tot verantwoording of disputasie uitgelok word nie, omdat elkeen sy eie interpretasie het van dit wat geglo word. Oortuigend is die stelling egter nie nl. alle sektes het geen geloofsbelydenis nie.
Waarheid en Dwaling: weerlegging van die dwalinge van die vernaamste sektes en strominge in ons land
Dit is sonde om in ‘tale te praat’
As discussed in the introduction, we simply cannot use our experience to prove doctrine. Our experience always has to be placed under the authority of Scripture.
Since modern day tongue speaking bears no resemblance to the spiritual gift of languages, I have to come to the conclusion that it is not a supernatural working of the Holy Spirit but a phenomenon produced by the flesh. It a well known fact that some of the worst heretics today practice tongue speaking, (for example the Word of Faith televangelists) in a way that is indistinguishable from that practised by born again children of God. I personally know people who speak in similar ways when trying to sound stupid or when goofing off.
There is nothing Biblical or miraculous about charismatic tongue speaking. Anybody can learn to do it, Christian or not.
Being Baptized in the Spirit: The Truth over against the false teaching of the Charismatics
Who are the Charismatics? The name Charismatics is used to denote those who, within many different denominations, claim that the baptism in the Holy Spirit is a second baptism received only by some Christians. They themselves claim to have received this baptism, and argue that this is evident from their being able to speak in other tongues, just as some believers did on Pentecost. As one might expect, this group also maintains that some of God’s people are still able to perform miracles, just as they were performed by Christ and His apostles. The fact that these miracles are not being performed in our midst, they attribute to our lack of faith.
It is our intention not only to refute this false teaching, but also and primarily to set forth the truth of the Word of God on this subject. It is important that we refute false teachings. But when we do so, it is also important to remember that God sovereignly controls the wicked, so that they come up with the false teachings they maintain, and that He does this so that we might consider what the truth is over against their lies.
Strange Fire Conference – dr. John MacArthur, e.a.
Strange Fire, part of Grace to You’s Truth Matters conference series, evaluates the doctrines, claims, and practices of the modern charismatic movement, and affirms the true Person and ministry of the Holy Spirit.
Hier is ‘n resensie van die konferensie: The Strange Fire Conference
Charismaticism is incompatible with the Reformed faith. It is an attack on the sufficiency of Scripture. With Luther we say to the modern Charismatics, “I slap your spirit on the snout!” However, that does not mean that we should ignore it. We need to know how to answer its claims, because it has a wide appeal. Certainly in Ireland, and on other mission fields, Charismaticism is in vogue. In some quarters, if you reject Charismaticism, your church is “dead” and unspiritual.
MacArthur is to be commended for this timely conference.
Sien ook hierdie artikel: Strange Fire & Modern Prophecy
Charismatics and continuationists attempt to compensate for that reality by suggesting that there was a form of New Testament prophecy that also contained errors and mistakes. However, upon closer examination, there is no biblical evidence to back up that assertion. As John MacArthur explains: “Fallible prophets are false prophets—or at best, misguided nonprophets who should immediately cease and desist from presumptively pretending to speak for God. . . . When compared to the clear criteria set forth in the Word of God, nothing about modern prophecy measures up” (Strange Fire, 119).
By contrast, cessationists teach that the gift of prophecy has ceased. According to Ephesians 2:20, the apostles and prophets were for the foundation age of the church. When the apostolic age ended, prophets also quickly vanished from the scene. With the canon of Scripture complete, there is no longer any need for us to receive new revelation from God. We have the prophetic Word, and it contains all that we need for life and godliness.
The Charismatic Movement – dr. O. Palmer Robertson, e.a.
The Charismatic movement is one of the most popular and growing forces within Christendom today. The major doctrinal distinctives of the Charismatic movement—the baptism in the Holy Spirit, tongues-speaking, prophecy, the gift of healing and the emphasis on having a personal experience—are primary reasons for the movement’s growth and popularity. While growth and popularity are certainly desirable, they cannot be used as a test for truth-claims, because various cults (e.g., Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons) and false religions (e.g., Islam, Eastern mysticism) have also witnessed great popularity and growth. The Charismatic movement is a twentieth-century phenomenon. Since the teachings and practices of the Charismatic movement are different than what orthodox Christians have taught for 19 centuries, we believe it is wise to examine these teachings under the light of Scripture.
We are not saying that Charismatics are not Christians. And we are not examining their distinctives because we dislike Charismatics personally (the author was a Charismatic for over three years, and many of his friends are still Charismatic). God commands us to “Test all things; hold fast what is good” (1 Th. 5:21 ). We are commanded to “hold fast the faithful word” and “refute those who contradict” (Tit. 1:9 NASB). Thus, we offer this booklet in the spirit of Christian love—love for our brethren, and above all, love for God’s truth. In examining any issue, the most important question is, “What saith the scripture?” (Gal. 4:30 KJV).
Charismaticism debate: rev. Angus Stewart vs rev. David Antwi
The Pentecostal/charismatic movement is proved heretical by the simple fact that it is the fruit of the theology of Wesley, and Wesley’s theology was the false gospel of salvation by the will and work of the sinner himself (Arminianism). Wesley taught that God loves all alike, that Christ died for all alike, and that the Spirit wants to save all alike, but that salvation depends upon the sinner’s choosing to be saved by his own free will. In his passionate commitment to this gospel, Wesley hated the truth of salvation by God’s free, particular, sovereign mercy. Wesley is guilty of the worst blasphemies against the gospel of grace that have ever been uttered. His doctrine of the second blessing, which in Pentecostalism has become the BHS, was in perfect harmony with his basic gospel of free will. Whether one received the second blessing depended upon a person’s own will and effort.
The theology of Charles Finney, who as a leading preacher of the “holiness movement” was the link between Wesley and Pentecostalism, was the same as that of Wesley. Finney was originally a Presbyterian. But he detested Calvinism. Deliberately and aggressively, he went up and down the land preaching salvation—and the second blessing of perfect holiness—by the free will of sovereign man.
Pentecostalism is the natural outgrowth of that gospel. It is the fruit on Wesley’s tree of salvation by man’s will. In every respect, Pentecostalism is a message and movement of free will. The first baptism in Pentecostal-charismatic teaching—the saving of a man from sin, his conversion—is due to one’s accepting Jesus by free will. The second baptism—the BHS—likewise is dependent upon a man’s will and work, for he cooperates with the Spirit by fulfilling the necessary conditions.
That Pentecostalism is Arminian through-and-through is the open, clear, unashamed testimony of the Pentecostals themselves
Word of Faith Movement, NAR, Buchan beweging in SA – Jaco de Beer
The New Apostolic Reformation – NAR – is not a church that you become a member of that is known by a certain name. Many times when I say to people a certain person is part of the NAR movement, they will deny it because they cannot identify it with a specific name or a church. The NAR movement is a global unstructured network of teachings and practices advocated by so-called “prophets” and “apostles.” These people claim to be appointed by God as prophets and apostles to lead the church back to God.
Part of their teachings is to establish a kingdom of dominion here on earth. They also claim to be appointed by God to restore the office of apostle and prophet back to the church. Their teachings and practices are based on extra-biblical experiences and revelations. They claim to receive new revelations directly from God additional to the Bible. They do not reject the Bible. It is a “Bible +” and not a “Scripture alone” movement. Very subtly they say we need more. They do not believe in the sufficiency of Scripture. They claim to get voices and messages directly from God like the prophets of old. Furthermore, they claim the church has lost the Holy Spirit and need a new baptism of the Holy Spirit. They also claim since the 70-80’s we have moved into the final stage before Christ return and therefore God wants to anoint His church and restore new apostles and prophets to the church. They also moved on from the typical drunk and slain in the spirit because they realize many people have been warned against it. But, these are still part of their practices. Sometimes it is phased in slowly. Their experiences and practices have become more “modern” and “revamped.” They address people’s need for an experiential religion because many churches have become dry and dead. People are looking for something real but in the wrong places. Christ is real, but we find Him revealed in Scripture alone through the work of the Spirit.
God fills believers through His Word by the Holy Spirit, not through extra-biblical revelations and experiences. The Holy Spirit brings the Word to our hearts and that way we see Christ and are filled. This movement is more focused on extra-biblical experiences in the form of dreams, visions and sensory type experiences like ecstatic emotions, feelings, heat over your body, or feeling wind and air flowing over you. Typical new age transcendental meditation type experiences – ecstatic emotional experiences. This is called contemplative or centering prayer. These big names simply mean you pray and concentrate on some verses, slogans, Jesus’ name or some Christian object of any kind until you start seeing, feeling and experiencing something. Long prayer and worship sessions are sometimes used to bring these experiences on. Now you can understand why music, and long prayer and worship sessions play a central role in leading people into these emotional experiences. It is so easy to take people to a “high” who are standing eyes closed, focusing on something and playing the right melodramatic music with the right lyrics to them. This is usually also used during altar calls. Quiet atmosphere, eyes closed, soft music and a preacher softly motivating people to come forward and receive Jesus. That is why music bands like Jesus Culture and Hillsong plays such an important role in this movement among young people and the church. Another mark of this movement is a drive for revival. There is an unhealthy obsession with revival. They always speak about fire from heaven. All of us want revival, but what revival and by whom? People are so easy misled by this because of the spiritual need in our time. The problem is what kind of revival are they talking about. Is it a revival from God? I do not think so.
It is a revival of so-called Holy Spirit baptism connected with various emotional ecstatic and transcendental experiences like I explained above. In closing, this movement has infiltrated the church in South Africa in a big way. Most churches have some form of these influences in their congregations. This movement is very deceptive because of the noble cause they use for their deception – revival and spiritual restoration. These good things are used by Satan to mislead the sheep. He uses people’s real needs to present a false solution to them like in the garden of Eden. He misled Adam and Eve with a good thing – to be like God. But he twisted it in such a way to challenge the authority that belongs to God alone. Every one of us desires for more of God. We must be careful where we try to find it.
Charismate en gereformeerdes verskil oor die Bybel, SC Wiid
Charismatiese en gereformeerde leerstellings oor die mens en sy / haar saligheid is nie dieselfde nie. Die rede daarvoor is dat die mensbeskouing, soos deur die onderskeie denominasies gehuldig, van mekaar verskil. Nogtans grond altwee hulle besondere standpunte op die Bybelse gegewe. Die beskouinge verskil, deurdat die interpretasie van die Bybel oor wat en wie die mens is en hoe verlossing gebeur, verskil. Dit het implikasies vir hoe daar oor die mens en sy/ haar verbondenheid aan die kerk, oor wat geglo en bely word en oor die werklikheid in die algemeen, gedink word.
Na dertien jaar se navorsing het Siewert Wiid van Kimberley tot belangrike bevindinge geraak. Hy het sy navorsing op skrif gestel, ten einde die verskille wat daar bestaan, aan te teken en te sistematiseer. Dit het nou uitgeloop op ‘n boek waarin die verskille omvattend behandel word.